Worldwide, whales and dolphins are increasingly threatened. Despite their confirmed occurrence, information from the Gulf on whales and dolphins is still scarce.
Whales and dolphins play a crucial role in the marine ecosystem. Being at the top of the marine food chain, together with other species such as sharks and top marine predators, they are “Ecological Indicators” of the status of the sea. The presence of a healthy dolphin population means that the marine environment can sustain them and therefore is in good condition.
Although over ten species of whales and dolphins have been reported, the Gulf is considered as “data deficient” by the international cetacean scientific community and no baseline information is available on the status of their populations: prevalence of species, whether they are resident, transitory, or whether populations are declining. In UAE, the only quantitative information available on small cetaceans comes from two aerial surveys on dugongs conducted in the Abu Dhabi area in 1986 and 1999. Although species were not identified, authors estimated a
decrease of 71% in small dolphin sightings in 13 years (Preen, 2004). Although continuous monitoring of the UAE coastline is not in place, in several areas dolphins are regularly seen. At least three species of dolphins are reported to frequent UAE coastal waters: the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin and the rare finless porpoise.